Best Horse Breeds in India

Horses have a special place in Indian society. There are certain places in India where people worship horses. Because of this admiration and love for horses, the various breeds of horses in India have flourished and evolved into strong animals. Read about them in this article in detail.

Kathiawari

Kathiawari horse breed is related to the Kathiawar peninsula in Gujarat, a state in Western India. These are desert warhorses and have a very close resemblance to the Marwari horses and the Arabian horses. Known for being faithful and brave, these horses are growing more and more in popularity in India and all over the world.

  • Height: 14.5 – 15.2 hands
  • Weight: 600 – 750 pounds

Manipuri Pony 

Manipuri Pony 

This is a crossbreed between the Arabian Horse and the Mongolian Wild Horse. It is found in the states of Manipur and Assam in northeastern India. They are extremely fast and strong. 

  • Height: 12 – 13 hands
  • Weight: 400 – 500 pounds

Marwari

Marwari

Originating from the Marwar region of Rajasthan in India, this horse breed is used by the Indian military forces in the border areas of Jodhpur and Jaipur in Rajasthan. They are genetically resembling the Kathiawari breed which comes from the same region. 

  • Height: 14 – 16 hands
  • Weight: 750 – 1,000 pounds

Spiti 

Spiti is a mountain horse found in the Himachal Pradesh in northern India. Its name is derived from the Spiti river which flows through various parts of the state. It is a small-statured breed with a compact body and strong features. 

  • Height: 11 – 12 hands
  • Weight: 350 – 450 pounds

Zaniskari  

This is a small mountain horse from Ladakh, a region in the northern part of India. Its name is derived from the Zanskar valley, a region in the Kargil district of Ladakh. It is very similar to the Spiti horses. One major difference is that unlike Spiti horses, it can survive in high altitude.

  • Height: 11 – 12 hands
  • Weight: 350 – 450 pounds

Bhutia

Bhutia

This beautiful horse breed has its origin from Sikkim and Darjeeling. They are very similar to the breeds that come from Mongolia. You can find these horses in gray or bay colors. They have shorter legs which make them suitable for mountains.

  • Height: 12 – 13.2 hands
  • Weight: 700 – 760 pounds

Chummarti 

Chummarti 

This horse breed is developed for surviving high altitudes and cold temperatures. They had their origin in the Chummarti valley in Tibet. They can be found in Himachal Pradesh and they have a lot in resemblance with Spiti horses.

  • Height: 12 – 13 hands
  • Weight: 350 – 450 pounds

Deccani 

Found in the Deccan plateau in India, this horse breed is used as a farm horse and for other heavy tasks. They are very hard working. 

  • Height: 12 – 13 hands
  • Weight: 350 – 450 pounds

Those were some of the most common horse breeds in India today. There are a lot of other horses that are not considered to be formal breeds. We will discuss about them in another article.