Types of Horses | A Complete List Of Horse Breeds

Horses are enchanting animals. Whether you are a kid, a teen, an adult or an aged person, you might have, at some point in life, thought about horses and wondered about them. You might have thought about their strength, what they do, where they live and how they have fun. There is hardly any other animal in the world that has enchanted humans as horses have. However, for this article, we are not getting into our fascination with horses. Instead, we are going to talk about the types of horses ranging from the most common horse breeds to the less popular ones. We also recommend you to check out our other articles to learn some interesting facts and insights about the tallest, fastest and strongest horse breeds in the world.

The history of mankind is carried on the back of a horse. – Author Unknown

How many breeds of horses are there in the world?

There are more than 350 breeds of horses in the world (including ponies).

For this post, we have classified them into different types on the basis of countries, colors, specialties, and breeds.

NOTE: Please bear in mind that a type of horse is not equivalent to a breed of horse. In fact, it is the categorization of horse breeds that are similar in nature and appearance.

Find types of Horses by the Distinction below –

There are multiple horse types in the world, each one differing from the other based on the country of origin. From the well known American Quarter Horse to the endangered Black Forest Horse, you are about to learn about some of the best horse types in the world. So, without further ado, take a look at some of the horse types from various countries around the world.

1. American

American Horse Breeds

If you happen to visit the countryside in any American State and drive down the road, you might easily spot a horse trotting or galloping. There are so many different breeds of horses in America that it is not possible to cover all of them without writing a book. We have listed some of the most popular ones in this article.
Fun Fact: Did you know that horses were once extinct in North America? They were brought to America from other parts of the world by explorers in 1519.

2. German

German horse breeds Besides car brands, football, and beer, Germany is known for being home to some of the most exotic horse breeds in the world. While a lot of these breeds had to bear the atrocities of the World Wars, they somehow managed to expand their lineage. Today you can find a lot of different breeds here and most of them are well known all over the world. You can read about them here.

3. British

British Horse Breeds Britain is home to some of the largest and smallest horse breeds in the world. You can find some of the best horses from the equestrian world in this country. While a lot of horses have actually become extinct here, you can still find their influence on the modern horses found in Britain today. You can read about them here.

4. Indian

Horse Breeds in India India has been one of those countries where horses were revered and worshipped for ages. This beautiful and culturally diverse nation has been the breeding place for many equestrian animals. From our research, we have found that some of the horse breeds in India are of complete Indian origin while others are not. Read more about them in this article.

5. Australian

Horse breeds in Australia Australia has a long history of breeding horses. Because of their fascination with these animals, you can find horses of distinct features from this country. Each breed is prominent in its own way. To know about the horse breeds in Australia in detail, read this article.

6. Spanish

Spanish Horse Breeds Spain is known for having some of the most ancient breeds of horses in the world. These horses were highly regarded not only during ancient ages but even today. Know more about these breeds here.

The equine world is full of colors. You can find a variety of vivid coat colors in horses. Two of the most common ones among these colors are the black horse and the white horse. Other colors include brown, golden and other shades of colors.

We have mentioned about this horse breeds in detail in other articles which you can find here:


1. Ponies

Ponies are small horses. Although there is an unsettling argument whether these are considered horses or not, we like to consider them as a horse type, only smaller in size.

To learn more about ponies and the various pony breeds, read this article.

2. Race Horses

There are many race horse breeds in the world. These are horses that have developed a special ability to move faster than other normal horses. They have immense strength and stamina. To know about the different race horse breeds, read this article.

3. Warmblood

Warmblood horse breeds are medium-sized horses originating from Europe. Their origin is credited to the cross-breeding with hot-blooded Arabians and Thoroughbreds. They are athletic and carry themselves around with a calm temperament.

4. Grade Horses

These are horses with unknown bloodline. They do not have a distinctive breed lineage as they are formed through unknown mixed breeding. They are not registered by any reputable registry or studbook.

5. Gaited Horses

 This type of horse is bred for luxury horse riding and ambling. These horses can move at intermediate speeds and if you want to experience a bump-free ride, you can use these for the purpose.

6. Draft Horses

Draft horses or draught horses, as you might know, are large-sized horses used for carrying heavy loads and doing hard tasks They have thick coats that make them immune to cold weather. Their submissive and loving nature makes them easy to train.

1. The Best

Best Horse Breeds

The term “best” is subjective when qualifying horses. However, there are certain parameters that are widely accepted for proclaiming a horse breed to be the best in the world. Here is a full article about this with a list of what is known as the best in the world.

2. Largest

Largest Horse Breeds

The shire horse breed is considered to be the largest horse breed in the world. However, there are various other horses which are quite as large. Read about all of them here.

3. Fastest

Fastest Horse Breeds

Horses are fast animals. We all know that. But, did you know that there are some horses which can run at astonishingly high speed? Well, here is an article about the fastest horse breeds which gives you mindblowing insights about these animals of the equine world.

4. Calmest

Calmest Horse Breeds

Most horses have a fiery temperament. Yet there are some which are really calm and quiet. We did some research on the calmest horse breeds and found that these horses are really good for people who want to keep horses as pets. These are horses that let you have the experience of a pleasant ride and not endanger you with a terrific gallop. Here is a list of the calmest breeds in the world.


Check out the prices of different breeds of horses in the world.

Horses Prices
Arabian $300 – $100,000
Akhal-teke $5,000 – $35,000
Friesian $3,000 – $50,000
Quarter Horse $500 – $50,000
Thoroughbred $500 – Millions
Andalusian $3,000 – $60,000
Gypsy Vanner $4,000 – $30,000
Dutch Warmblood $4,000 – Millions
Holsteiner $3,000 – $50,000